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律师起诉郑州东站内设吸烟室遭驳回法院不违法禁止吸烟
2020-01-08 00:51   来源:  www.theaquino.com   评论:0 点击:

律师起诉郑州东站内设吸烟室遭驳回法院不违法禁止吸烟1月4日,红星新闻记者获悉,北京富力律师事务所律师殷

  1月4日,红星新闻记者获悉,北京富力律师事务所律师殷清利起诉中国铁路郑州局集团有限公司郑州东车站(以下简称“郑州东站”)内设吸烟室一案有了最近进展,近日,郑州铁路运输法院作出一审民事判决,认为原告殷清利的诉讼请求缺乏事实根据和法律依据,驳回殷清利的诉讼请求。

On January 4, the Red Star News reporter learned that the recent progress in the case of lawyer Yin Qingli of Beijing Fuli Law firm suing Zhengzhou East Station of China Railway Zhengzhou Bureau Group Co., Ltd.(hereinafter referred to as \"Zhengzhou East Station \") for smoking room has been made.

  据红星新闻此前报道,殷清利称,去年5月30日他在郑州东站转车时,发现车站二楼大厅东南、东北、西南、西北四角设有吸烟室,“吸烟室附近弥漫着烟味,若不吸烟的旅客路过时会产生不适。”

According to red star news reports, yin qingli said that on may 30 last year, he was in zhengzhou east station transfer, found the station's second floor hall southeast, northeast, southwest, northwest four corners of the smoking room,\" smoke near the smoking room, if non-smoking passengers pass by will produce discomfort.\"

  殷清利认为,郑州东站未提供相应的、保障旅客人身健康安全的服务,设置吸烟室违反2011年5月1日起实施的《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》。因此,殷清利将郑州东站告上法庭,请求法院依法判令郑州东站取消4个吸烟室,并拆除吸烟室内的烟具、智能感应点烟器。

Yin Qingli believes that Zhengzhou East Station did not provide corresponding services to ensure the personal health and safety of passengers, and set up smoking rooms in violation of the implementation rules of the regulations on health management of public places effective from May 1,2011. Therefore, Yin Qingli took Zhengzhou East Station to court, requesting the court to order Zhengzhou East Station to cancel four smoking rooms according to law, and to remove the smoking utensils and intelligent induction cigarette lighters in the smoking room.

  郑州东站则认为,原告殷清利为了提升自己知名度、宣传自己而提起本案,有恶意诉讼之嫌;郑州东站认为,设置吸烟室完全符合法律规定,“具有现实必要性和合理性,不仅满足了吸烟旅客的需求,同时更为重要的是保护了不吸烟旅客的人身健康。”

Zhengzhou east station believes that the plaintiff yin qingli in order to promote their own popularity, promote their own case, the suspicion of malicious litigation; zhengzhou east station, smoking room in full compliance with the law,\" has the practical necessity and rationality, not only to meet the needs of smokers, but also to protect the personal health of non-smoking passengers.\"

  郑州铁路运输法院认为,原告殷清利主张郑州东站设置吸烟室的行为违反了从合同义务,降低了候车大厅空气质量,没有事实根据和法律依据,对该主张不予支持。

The Zhengzhou Railway Transportation Court held that the plaintiff Yin Qingli's claim that the act of setting up a smoking room at Zhengzhou East Station violated the obligation from the contract, reduced the air quality of the waiting hall, had no factual basis and legal basis, and did not support the claim.

  红星新闻记者获取的判决书内容显示,郑州铁路运输法院认为,根据法律规定,铁路运输企业除承担安全、及时运输义务外,还应当承担为旅客提供良好旅行环境和服务的义务。

The contents of the judgment obtained by the red star journalists show that the zhengzhou railway transportation court holds that, according to the law, railway transport enterprises should undertake the obligation to provide good travel environment and service for passengers in addition to the obligation of safe and timely transportation.

  对于原告殷清利主张被告郑州东站设置吸烟室的行为违反了相关义务、未能为其提供良好的候车环境,郑州铁路运输法院认为,全国爱卫会、原卫生部、原铁道部等六部门发布的《关于在公共交通工具及其等候室禁止吸烟的规定》(全爱卫发[1997]第1号)第四条规定“禁止吸烟场所的经营或管理单位应履行下列职责:(三)旅客等候室及运行时间较长的公共交通工具,可以指定吸烟的区域或设置有通风装置的吸烟室”。原铁道部发布的《关于在公共交通工具及其等候室禁止吸烟的规定铁路实施细则》(铁教卫[1997]67号)第四条第一款规定“一等以上或大型建设规模的车站都应当在适当的位置设立吸烟室,吸烟处应通风换气良好或安装通风换气装置,以减少吸烟危害。”《郑州市公共场所禁止吸烟条例》(1998年9月1日起实施)第八条规定“火车站、长途汽车站、飞机场的等候室和影剧院、体育馆、大型商场应设置有明显标志的吸烟室(区)。”

As for the plaintiff Yin Qingli's claim that the defendant's behavior of setting up a smoking room at Zhengzhou East Station violated the relevant obligations and failed to provide him with a good waiting environment, the Zhengzhou Railway Transport Court held that the \"Regulations on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Transport and its Waiting Rooms \"(No.1[1997]), issued by the six departments, such as the National Association of Health, the former Ministry of Health and the former Ministry of Railways, stipulated in Article 4 that\" the operation or management unit of the smoking banning place shall perform the following duties:(3) the waiting room for passengers and the public transport means for a longer period of operation, the designated smoking area or the smoking room with a ventilator \". Article 4, paragraph 1 of the Rules on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Transport and its Waiting Rooms (No.67[1997]), issued by the former Ministry of Railways, stipulates that \"All stations of the first class or large scale of construction shall have a smoking room at the appropriate location, and the smoking place shall have a good ventilation or installation of a ventilator in order to reduce the harm of smoking.\" Article 8 of the Regulations of Zhengzhou Municipality on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places (effective as of September 1,1998) stipulates that \"the waiting rooms of railway stations, long-distance bus stations, airports and cinemas, gymnasiums and large-scale shopping malls shall be provided with smoking rooms (districts) marked with obvious signs.\"

  “依据上述部门规章和地方法规,郑州东站在候车大厅禁烟区域张贴显著禁烟标志,在位于非旅客主要通道的大厅四角位置设置吸烟室,内部配备有烟具、智能感应点烟器及排烟设备,安排人员对吸烟室卫生定期进行清理,并在吸烟区张贴标志和安全标语,履行了作为承运人的从合同义务。”郑州铁路运输法院认为,原告殷清利主张郑州东站设置吸烟室的行为违反了从合同义务,降低了候车大厅空气质量,没有事实根据和法律依据,对该主张不予支持。

“In accordance with the above-mentioned departmental regulations and local regulations, Zhengzhou East Station has put up prominent anti-smoking signs in the non-smoking area of the waiting hall, and a smoking room in the four corners of the hall located in the non-passenger's main passageway, which is equipped with smoke appliances, intelligent cigarette lighters and smoke exhaust equipment. Zhengzhou railway transportation court held that the plaintiff Yin Qingli argued that the act of setting up a smoking room at Zhengzhou East Station violated the contract obligations, reduced the air quality of the waiting hall, had no factual and legal basis, and did not support the claim.

  “郑州东站应当充分利用现代技术手段,进一步加强对吸烟室的管理,避免吸烟室的烟雾扩散到候车大厅公共区域”

“Zhengzhou East Station should make full use of modern technical means to further strengthen the management of the smoking room and avoid the spread of smoke from the smoking room into the public area of the waiting hall."

  对于殷清利提出取消郑州东站候车大厅四个吸烟室及拆除吸烟设备的诉讼请求,郑州铁路运输法院认为,郑州东站在候车大厅设置吸烟室的行为并不违反现行法律和地方法规的规定,且郑州东站采取了一定的管理措施,防止烟雾扩散,未对殷清利的身体健康造成损害,因此,对该项诉讼请求不予支持。

In response to Yin Qingli's claim to cancel four smoking rooms and remove smoking equipment in the waiting hall of Zhengzhou East Station, the Zhengzhou Railway Transport Court held that the behavior of Zhengzhou East Station in setting up smoking rooms in the waiting hall did not violate the provisions of the current laws and local regulations, and Zhengzhou East Station adopted certain management measures to prevent the spread of smoke and did not cause harm to the health of Yin Qingli, so the claim was not supported.

  判决书还显示,郑州铁路运输法院注意到,公共场所禁止吸烟是社会公众应当遵守的社会行为规范,吸烟者在公共场所吸烟的行为应当受到一定程度的限制,公共场所的管理者应当承担更加严格的控烟、禁烟责任,以保障社会公众利益免受吸烟造成的危害或者将此种危害控制在最小范围内。

According to the judgment, the Zhengzhou Railway Transport Court also noted that smoking prohibition in public places is a social code of conduct that the public should abide by, and that smokers'behavior of smoking in public places should be limited to a certain extent.

  “本案中郑州东站虽然采取了一定的措施对吸烟室进行管理,但是吸烟者在吸烟室吸烟所产生的烟雾有可能扩散到候车大厅的其他公共区域,对候车环境产生影响,进而损害到候车人员的身体健康。”郑州铁路运输法院称,因此,郑州东站应当充分利用现代技术手段,进一步加强对吸烟室的管理,避免吸烟室的烟雾扩散到候车大厅公共区域,不断提升站内旅客候车服务质量,为旅客提供良好的旅行环境和服务。

“In this case, although some measures have been taken to regulate the smoking room at Zhengzhou East Station, the smoke produced by smokers smoking in the smoking room may spread to other public areas of the waiting hall, which will have an impact on the waiting environment and thus harm the health of the waiting personnel. The Zhengzhou Railway Transport Court said that therefore, Zhengzhou East Station should make full use of modern technical means to further strengthen the management of smoking rooms, avoid the spread of smoke in the waiting hall public area, constantly improve the quality of passenger waiting service in the station, and provide passengers with a good travel environment and services.

  1月4日,殷清利对红星新闻记者表示,对于郑州铁路运输法院作出一审判决驳回其诉求的结果,他已经提起上诉。

On january 4th yin qingli told reporters that he had appealed against the result of a first-instance ruling by the zhengzhou railway transport court rejecting his claim.

  殷清利说,一审法院先后援引了三个文件进行说明,包括全国爱卫会、原卫生部、原铁道部等六部门发布的《关于在公共交通工具及其等候室禁止吸烟的规定》(全爱卫发[1997]第1号,1997年5月1日实施)、原铁道部发布的《关于在公共交通工具及其等候室禁止吸烟的规定铁路实施细则》(铁教卫[1997]67号)、《郑州市公共场所禁止吸烟条例》(1998年9月1日起实施),基于上述部门规章和地方法规,一审法院民事判决认为,郑州东站履行了作为承运人的从合同义务。

Yin Qingli said that the court of first instance had cited three documents to explain them, including the \"Regulations on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Transport and its Waiting Rooms\" issued by the National Council of Health, the former Ministry of Health and the former Ministry of Railways, the \"Regulations on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places in Zhengzhou Municipality \"(effective from 1 September 1998), and the\" Rules for the Implementation of the Regulations on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Transport and its Waiting Rooms \"issued by the Ministry of Railways (No.67[1997]), and the\" Regulations on the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places in Zhengzhou Municipality \"(effective from 1 September 1998).

  “一审法院在适用法律依据上,先后列举的规章、地方性法规等依据,均是20多年前的文件(1997年、1998年)。但2011年5月1日开始实施的《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》已明确规定,室内公共场所禁止吸烟。”殷清利提出质疑,这些文件已经因为《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》有新的规定,而不能适用,“法院为什么不援引《公共场所卫生管理条例实施细则》?在适用法律上,为什么置新的全国性、规章于不顾,故意适用20多年前的早已过时、过气、废止的规定?”

“The court of first instance, on the basis of the application of the law, has listed regulations, local regulations and other basis, are more than 20 years ago documents (1997,1998). However, the Rules for the Implementation of the Regulations on the Administration of Health in Public Places, which began on May 1,2011, clearly stipulate that smoking is prohibited in indoor public places." Yin Ching-li challenged that the documents were already not applicable because of new provisions in the Rules for the Implementation of the Public Places Health Regulations." Why did the court not invoke the Rules for the Implementation of the Public Places Health Regulations? In the application of the law, why ignore the new national, regulations, deliberate application of more than 20 years ago has long been obsolete, gas, repeal of the provisions?"

  此外,殷清利还表示,一审法院一边认为设置吸烟室可能对其他候车人员的身体健康造成影响、要求郑州东站加强管理,一边又认为原告诉讼请求缺乏事实依据,两者是相互矛盾的。

In addition, yin qingli also said that the court of first instance thought that the establishment of smoking room may have an impact on the health of other waiting personnel, demanded that zhengzhou east station to strengthen management, while also arguing that the plaintiff's claim for lack of factual basis, the two are contradictory.

  1月4日,郑州东站相关负责人向红星新闻记者表示,尊重法院的判决,原告殷清利上诉是他的权利,“我们也会积极应诉。”

On january 4, the head of zhengzhou east station told red star reporters that respect for the court's decision, the plaintiff yin qingli appeal is his right,\" we will also actively respond.\"


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